Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary was declared as Tiger Reserve on 15.3.2013 for the conservation of globally endangered tiger species.
Tiger captured in the camera traps installed in Satyamangalam Tiger Reserve
Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve is located at the confluence of two distinct geographical regions of bio diversity landscape; Western Ghat and Eastern Ghat. Owing to its large contiguous forests and connectivity with adjoining reserve, forest divisions, other than tigers, this area has huge congregation of species such as Elephant, Gaur, Blackbuck, Leopard, White backed Vulture, Hyena, variety of Deers, primates, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fishes and other lower creatures.
Welcome to Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve..The Largest Wildlife Sanctuary of Tamil Nadu
Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve has got a high diversity of flora and fauna owing to its location which is a confluence of Eastern and Western Ghats. Apart from Tigers, the region is noted for Elephants, Gaur, Black Buck, Four Horned Antelope, Leopard, Hyena, Wild dog, White Backed Vulture, variety of primates, deers, civets, reptiles, birds, amphibians, fishes and other creatures.
The Tiger Reserve area is rich in floral composition owing to its location. The region comprises of 5 forest types which includes primarily Deciduous forest combined with Thorn forest, tropical hill forest and Riparian forest. Sandal occurred predominantly in these forests and it was designated as the Royal Tree by King Tippu Sultan.
Tiger reappearance in the STR region is traced back to 2005. Evidences of Tiger reappearance were found and was scientifically proved by CCMB & WTI study in 2010. From then on, owing to proper protection, adequate living conditions and sufficient prey base, there has been continuous upsurge in Tiger population from 28 in 2010 to about 54 individual tigers as per the current monitoring.
One of the significant features of STR is that Tigers co-exist with humans. There are about 9 Tribal settlements and 18 Tribal Revenue settlements in the STR region though they are not part of Tiger Reserve notification. Irulars, Ooralis, Kurumbas and Soligars are the native tribals of the region .
Tiger Reserves in Tamil Nadu
- Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve (1411.6 sq.km) 39.37%
- Anamalai Tiger Reserve (958 sq.km) 26.72%
- Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve (895 sq.km) 24.96%
- Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (321 sq.km) 8.95%
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